Ecstasy is the street name for methylene-dioxymethamphetamine (MDMA). It is a chemical substance that combines methamphetamines with hallucinogenic properties. It is also known as X-TC, adam, clarity and lover’s speed. Ecstasy is a popular drug used at raves and clubs. It is available in tablet, capsule, or powder form. The average dose ranges from approximately 100-125 mgs.
Ecstasy takes effect about 20-40 minutes after it is taken. It produces feelings of exhilaration, empathy, emotional warmth, and self-acceptance.
Studies have shown that ecstasy can alter levels of serotonin in the brain. Serotonin is a brain chemical that plays a large role in regulating mood, aggression, sexual activity, sleep, and sensitivity to pain. When this brain chemical is altered from ecstasy use, people often experience confusion, depression, problems sleeping, drug cravings, anxiety, and paranoia. These effects can sometimes last weeks after taking ecstasy.
Kidney failure and heart attacks are two of the major physical side effects of ecstasy use. Other symptoms include muscle tension, blurred vision, involuntary teeth clenching, rapid eye movement, chills, and sweating. In addition, ecstasy often suppresses the need for sleep, drink or food. Therefore, people who are using it often suffer from severe exhaustion and dehydration. Heat stroke can also occur as a result of dancing for long periods of time without resting or replenishing body fluids.
Researchers have found that regular use of ecstasy can cause long-term, and sometimes permanent damage to areas of the brain that are responsible for thought, memory and pleasure.
MDMA (Ecstasy) - www.drugabuse.gov