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Leeds, Grenville & Lanark District Health Unit
Leeds, Grenville & Lanark District Health Unit

Infectious Diseases
- Prevention, Control & Outbreak Management

Antibiotics

Viruses and bacteria causes most of the common infections. Antibiotics only work against bacteria. They do not work against viruses.




Viral Infections

  • Includes colds, flu
  • Can make you just as sick as bacterial infections
  • Usually get better in 4 - 5 days
  • Antibiotics do not work against viruses




Bacterial Infections

  • Are less common than viral infections
  • Do not spread as easily from person to another as viral infections
  • Cause infections such as pneumonia and strep throat




Use Antibiotics Wisely

What you should do:

  • Do not expect to get antibiotics for every respiratory tract infection. Most of these infections are caused by viruses and antibiotics will not work.
    (It takes more time to explain about a viral infection than to write a prescription - trust your doctor if you are not prescribed an antibiotic.)
     
  • Let your doctor decide if an antibiotic is needed and which antibiotic is best.
     
  • Be patient when you (or your child) have cold symptoms, cough or a sore throat. Most viral illnesses will take 4 - 5 days before getting better and up to a 3 weeks for a full recovery.
     
  • Always wash your hands after being with someone who is sick. Remind other to wash their hands.
     
  • Hand Washing…

Avoid a battle with super resistant bug. Use antibiotics wisely!




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Leeds, Grenville and Lanark District Health Unit
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