|Nutrition - Key Nutrients in Food
Key Nutrients in Food
- Saturated and Unsaturated Fat
Choosing the right amount and types of oils and fats can lower your risk of developing certain diseases such as heart disease. For good health, include a small amount of unsaturated fat and limit the amount of saturated fat in your day.
- Trans Fat
Trans fat is bad for you because it raises bad cholesterol and lowers good cholesterol at the same time. Studies show that people who eat more artificial trans fat are at a higher risk of heart disease than people who eat less trans fat.
Cholesterol is a fat-like substance. It travels through our bloodstream to make healthy cells and hormones. We all need some cholesterol, but too much cholesterol can increase the risk for heart attack and stroke.
Dietary fibre is found in most fruits, vegetables, legumes and grains. Fibre passes through the gastrointestinal tract. It helps us feel full longer, affects our blood sugar and cholesterol, reduces constipation and is part of an overall healthy diet.
Sodium is found in many of the foods we eat. We add sodium to our food, but we get more sodium from processed and packaged foods and when eating out. Too much sodium causes high blood pressure and increases your risk for heart attack and stroke.
Iron does many things in the body, including helping your blood cells transport oxygen to the rest of your body. People who don't get enough iron in the foods that they eat are at risk for iron deficiency.
Calcium is a mineral that is important in the development of our bones and teeth. Did you know that 99 % of the calcium found in your body is found in your bones and teeth? Calcium also plays a role in blood pressure and muscle functioning.
- Vitamin D
Vitamin D is just as important for our bones as calcium is. Vitamin D helps increase the body's absorption of calcium. There is also new research that also links lack of vitamin D to other health conditions.