Tubal ligation (also known as "having your tubes tied") is a surgical procedure to permanently close or block a woman's fallopian tubes. This procedure is considered a permanent method of contraception because reversal is costly, difficult and not guaranteed.
How does it work?
In tubal ligation the two fallopian tubes, which transport a woman's eggs from the ovaries to the uterus, are blocked or disconnected. This makes it impossible for sperm to meet and fertilize an egg.
How effective is it in preventing pregnancy?
Female sterilization is considered 99.5% effective in preventing pregnancy
What are the advantages?
Extremely effective in preventing pregnancy
Does not interfere with sex
No significant long-term side effects
What are the disadvantages?
Considered a permanent procedure and difficult to have reversed
May regret decision in the future
Possible risks of surgery include: reaction to anaesthesia, bleeding, infection, or damage to organs in the pelvis (bowels, bladder, blood vessels)
Short-term side effects after surgery may include abdominal and shoulder discomfort, bruising, bleeding, or infection at the incision site
If pregnancy does occur, there is a risk that it will be an ectopic pregnancy (the fertilized egg implants in the fallopian tube)